Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What stories will your seeds share?

SeedBroadcast believes that our seeds hold a unique wisdom and our relationship with them can teach us patience, companionship, resilience and if we listen they will guide us to what matters most during these uncertain times. 
Our worlds have changed in many ways since the pandemic swept through our lives. How we access our food has become even more  important  to consider as we line up at the grocery store with gloves and mask only to find the shelves half empty. A resurgence of finding ways to grow and harvest our own nourishment is inevitable and a necessary step towards creating our food sovereignty.
So as you are planting those precious seeds we invite you to listen to their story and to share this wisdom with us and others. By doing so we can build the necessary relationship to relearn how keep the seeds alive and thriving. 

If you have a story to share click here   

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Healthy Soil = Healthy Plants: Peter Callen

 Healthy Soil=Healthy Plants is seventh blog from the 14th edition of the SeedBroadcast agri-Culture Journal. Due to the rapidly changing and challenging times of COVID19 we have postponed the printing of this issue until later in the year but hope that you can access this poignant and timely edition on line and past issues here. 

Healthy Soil = Healthy Plants     
Peter Callen
How do you feed your plants?  What do you feed your plants?

There are 3 basic ways plants take in nutrition through their roots, and one way through their leaves.

Through their roots:
These 3 ways usually all take place under good growing conditions, but sometimes one or more is favored than another.

Plants can feed Hydroponically, which doesn’t mean the plant necessarily has to be floating in water, just that their nutrition is water soluble, along with other factors that make it possible for the plant to “drink their food”. This is how most commercial agriculture operations feed their plants - water delivery. The soil is basically just holding the plant upright. Unfortunately, this method has led to a lot of dead soils.

Plants can feed through a method (ingenious plants) called mineral exchange, or technically, “Cation exchange” where the plant exchanges a positively charged Hydrogen atom for a positively charged Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium or Sodium atom.  The cations are positively charged whereas the anions, like Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Phosphorus, are negatively charged. Those anions are water soluble, so the plant can drink them up, if they are available in the soil. In acidic soils, the cations can get washed away or leached out of the soil, but here in the alkaline soils of the Southwest, our cations get bound to the rock and clay in the soil, making “cation exchange” difficult and costly for the plant.

Then there is plant feeding through the active biology in the soil, or SOM feeding.  SOM is Soil Organic Matter, and that doesn’t mean chunks of wood in the soil. SOM consists of 3 parts, the food, the living biology,  and the waste products. The living biology part of SOM consists of bacteria, fungi, nematodes, rotifers, and many other denizens of the deep.  To keep all this biota alive requires the proper food, water, temperature and shelter, just like any other farm animals. So not letting the soil dry out too much, or become waterlogged, is a good way to keep the soil life well hydrated, but not suffocated. The soil life breathes in oxygen and exhales CO2, just like other animals do. All of this soil life needs to be fed a proper diet as well, and there is a standard recipe for this diet, which is 25 parts of Carbon to one part of Nitrogen (the standard compost making ratio).

If you are planning on feeding your plants through the percent of SOM in the soil, you can figure your plants will receive about 100 lbs. of nitrogen per acre per one percent of SOM. This is adequate for medium to low nitrogen requirements. A couple of caveats though.

First one: In the history of the Earth, which came first, land plants or the soil life? The soil life of course, made it possible for land plants to exist, so which one feeds first? Again, it may be obvious, but seldom do people think of feeding their soil, they think of feeding their plants. But the soil always eats first.

Sheet mulch beds “composting in place” in the field, building soil organic matter in a “no-till” field.

Second one: Soils in the arid SW United States seldom have SOM percentages above 2 or 3%. Several reasons for this, the first being that hydration requirement; if the soil dries out too much, the soil life dies back and has to start over again instead of growing all spring/summer and fall. The second being the temperature. Biological activity in the soil doubles with every 10°F. rise in temperature. But this happens within a temperature range of about 40 to 80°F. Below or above that, soil biologic activity slows way down or stops altogether. So if soil temps. are getting into the 90’s in the summertime, the process of building SOM is going to slow down or stop. The ideal soil temps. are in the 70’s for soil biology to thrive and grow - if the food and water is adequate. The third reason that it’s so hard to maintain soil life in the arid SW is shelter for the soil life. Without adequate carbon stores (humates) in the soil, or mulch/cover on top of the soil, the soil life is exposed to wild temperature and moisture swings, as well as damaging UV rays from the sun.
With all of these challenges however, it’s still worth it to maintain soil life and help it grow. One of the big reasons you might not think of (is) that one of the major benefits of all that life in the ground are the waste products they produce.

Cookies and cake: Plant roots not only exude H+ ions, they also exude whole molecules of H, C, O combinations, like carbohydrates, proteins, and sugars. Lots of sugars. This attracts the real arbiters of health, the real conveyors of nutrients, the beneficial bacteria and fungi - yea team! "Life is short, eat dessert first", says the bacto-fun team. All that binging on carbs and sugar leads to a short life for those little gluttons, but their dead bodies pile up into a massive storehouse of broken-down carbon humates. These humates are a joy for plant roots to live in, as they store both water and nutrients like a bank that the plant can draw upon when it needs to. The living part of the soil is important for plants too, as many bacteria and fungi mediate the transport and chemical availability of plant nutrients, even living within the plant roots themselves.

The waste products however accumulate over time and not only build up  in the soil, but persist in the soil for many hundreds, even thousands of years, if not eroded away by wind and water. Hence the very deep, black soils in the Mid-West which were formed under prairie grasses and wildflowers for millennia. These waste products are specially formed biological carbon molecules called humates, humic acids, and other compounds that will break down no further. These stable structures then provide safe homes for the living part of the soil, as well as providing an easy way for plant roots to penetrate further into the soil. Another spectacular benefit is the water holding capacity of these carbon structures. So as you can see, it’s not only the life in the soil, but their waste products that provide the conditions for what we call healthy soil.

So with all the benefits described, it’s worth doing everything we can to protect the living soil and encourage its growth. It's challenging to build SOM and provide food for your plants in this way and challenging in different ways to feed your plants through the other pathways described earlier; cation exchange and hydroponically. Taken all together, these 3 ways that plant roots can feed are all useful to organic gardeners and farmers. The first 2 feeding methods described can be employed by organic growers as well, there are soluble organic minerals that can be used for hydroponic feeding, as well as a naturally occurring mineral (gypsum) also organically approved, that can be used to help buffer our alkaline soils and increase cation exchange capacity.

Plants also absorb nutrition through their leaves (foliar feeding) and this is a good way to provide extra nitrogen at critical times, but there is so much to cover with that method, it’s probably best left to another article.

So now how do you feed your plants?


Healthy soil = Healthy plants = Healthy seed = Healthy people

Peter Callen has been working with Cameron Weber on rejuvenating this public field at the ABQ City Open Space Visitor Center for the past 2 years. Monthly workshops and volunteer days will be held again this year on soil building, soil testing, planting native pollinator plants and harvesting their seeds for other restoration projects. Check the visitor center for details. 

Saturday, May 16, 2020

SEED POEMS: Michelle Otero, Carmen Canela, Annie Lechuga, Isabel Becerra, Shyzir Taplin

These poems were created in response to the Seed: Climate Change Resilience exhibition and were performed at the Albuquerque Museum in July 2019 and are the sixth blog from the 14th edition of the SeedBroadcast agri-culture Journal.  Due to the rapidly changing and challenging times of COVID19 we have postponed the printing of this issue until later in the year but hope that you can access this poignant and timely edition on line and past issues here. 

Thank you, Michelle, Carmen, Annie, Isabel and Shyzir

Michelle Otero

is me — cast kernel
or seed wing feathered                         
The poets at SEED: Climate Change Resilience Exhibition
to soil
black or red or nest

we, seed relations, speak
seed language, craft root
letter, whip tendril tongue,
click-clack fava bean teeth

you, grass cousin, shape
seed pot from Chicken River clay
store yarrow, bee balm, corn jewel

we, dryland parable,
vocation, we
nothing common about us, at all

Carmen Canela

So small
Buried under pounds of what’s needed
They wait for the rain
Or the kind farmer who starts their journey
They peak out, their color now green.
Their roots placed firmly still underground.
They sunbathe
And smile
Taller, taller, taller
To their prime, their peak
They get harvested
Still holding their smile
They get shipped out to places they’ve
            never heard of
On the dinner table of a family
On the shelf of a grocery store
On the plaid blanket of a picnic
Places they’ve never heard of
But they smile on

Annie Lechuga

The beginning and end
to the plants that give us life

The dirt
The soil
The twigs
Glass encased this life
The illusion of gourds
Being lifted in the air
Clay towers holding the earth

The shadows appear as people
Reaching out for each other
But none are touching
For they are not people,
But life, not given the chance to grow
Their only job, to stay still
As voices tell their stories,
voices like water flowing down
Giving them purpose, life
While they sit suspended

Isabel Becerra

When I was small, my grandma said,
 “Plants are alive. Like you and me. You need to
talk to them, play music for them, tell them they’re
pretty, and sing to them. Plants bring good energy
so keep them happy.”

From a young age I understood not everyone
believes plants are alive. Bad
people were killing the forest, and I noticed
mean people didn’t have any plants.

My grandma would tell me,
“The plant must be happy, and feel needed.
You need to tell them things, to boost their
self esteem. They will grow stronger and
healthier! Most people think all plants need is
water, sun, soil and the right temperature.
But they also need love!
You never wanna hurt a plant. Plants are pure and
would never hurt you. Don’t pinch them, or tear
them, or ignore them. They will be sad and
lose their colors.

The plant will be happy to share its powers
to heal you or feed you. It won’t be hurt. Plants
are magical. So always stay connected to them.

Shyzir Taplin
Nature is such a wonder to see
The beautyness of the evergreen trees
The wandering hummingbirds and flies alike
The tastyness of fruits and foods
And getting lost as you see
The awe in nature
As it’s true beauty shines bright
With Evergreen

But if fallen by the wrong hands
Nature will never shine like Evergreen
Instead it will be a shallow of what it once was
From Evergreen to dark and twisted green
From wonders of hummingbirds to the smell of death of crows
And from beautyness to rotten disgusting

But if by chance
If well kept and protected
Life can flourish as the evergreen shines
Bright like the burning stars
With limitless possibilities and creations
And nature will return to it’s natural beauty
As the hummingbirds and flies wonder
And nature shows it’s true beauty again
As it shines bright with Evergreen

Michelle Otero is Albuquerque’s fourth Poet Laureate. She is a writer, facilitator, and coach who utilizes creative expression and storytelling as the basis for organizational development and positive social change. Her process of engaging individuals and communities through the expression of shared story has found a wide range of applications, from helping conservation organizations better understand the priorities of traditional land-based communities to helping people heal from trauma. Michelle worked with Shyzir, Isabel, Annie and Carmen as part of the Voces Summer Institute of the National Hispanic Cultural Center

Sunday, May 10, 2020

First Supper: Veneron Yazzen

First Supper is the fifth blog in a series of articles from the 14th edition of the SeedBroadcast agri-culture Journal.  Due to the rapidly changing and challenging times of COVID19 we have postponed the printing of this issue until later in the year but hope that you can access this poignant and timely edition on line and past issues here. 

Thank you so much Veneron
, Andrea and students, Carmella, Damien, James, Joaquin and Nickolas  for your images and poems .
First Supper
Veneron Yassen

I met with Andrea Reynosa on a weekend in early September of 2019. Along with sharing and getting to know each other, Andrea discussed the past project she did with St. Joseph Mission School back in 2015. Hearing about the “First Supper” had already got my attention right away. The fact that food was involved was different from my past experiences with other artists, where it was those collaborations having to deal with many issues in society, politics, and humanism. Endless topics, but never have I looked at the importance of utilizing Art into the aspects of food. Food can be the fuel that generates the well being of our future. Andrea’s ideas for curating the First Supper could not be overshadowed by my teacher lesson plans. I had just started my fourth year as a middle school teacher, and thought it was a good idea to involve my students in the process of the project. So, I simply pushed my plans for that week up and made more time for Art. My content area of teaching IS in Art, and I figured to let the whole week be focused on the needs for expression for food, tradition and identity.

The Wild Columbine: Carmella Chosa
That following school week our principal Antonio Trujillo, who use to be a Franciscan priest but is now a practicing vigneron, opened our morning routine with food for thought, which was, how are we able to nurture our bodies through good food, and water? And, how to also share those gifts for others as well?  The majority of the students who are Laguna and Acoma Pueblo, shared how they open their doors to strangers to eat during ceremonial feast days. One of my students, Damien Baca who resides in San Fidel, New Mexico, near Mount Taylor shared how he keeps the acequias clear from litter and overgrowth in weeds, which is a major contribution to the surrounding areas that grow food, is very essential to me who also lives next to him. After our morning gathering in the chapel, we dispersed and got ready for school, and Andrea was welcomed to my class to continue the discussion of the importance of seeds and foods.
My students shared many family recipes, traditional foods, and what cultural identity can consist of that surrounded food. When everyone had said what they needed, so came a small silence and I realised the recent edition we had gotten of the SeedBroadcast Journal was not yet dissected by my students, I disbursed the paper into six portions.  I had the students read silently for fifteen minutes. We then discussed what was meaningful, eventful and heartful in the paper. The students showed great reflection towards everyone’s ideas and poems in the paper. Andrea mentioned to me later that she was amazed at how the students 6-8th grade were articulated in how caring for seeds and foods can play a powerful role in the productiveness for people in society, especially for our students. Good food can mean good academic performances. I later explained to Andrea, that we had a few editions of  the SeedBroadcast journal dating back to 2018, and that my students love to read them, but never mentioned to her that we sometimes cannot simply throw them away, but instead shred them up and used the paper for paper mache art projects.
Daisies: Damien Baca
Later on, Andrea had explained to me the basic concept of what she needed, and that was the artwork. Besides all the needs for the tableware, and the community to cook up good local food, which she had created out of basic cardboard, perfect round plate holders that had been prepped for any medium to create art onto. My students were excited to paint, draw and write onto the plate holders. Due to our lack of great internet connection, my students were then guided to the britannicas and encyclopedias to look for a seed, plant or food that could be painted or drawn on by impression to the plate holders. The students needed to either write an informative piece, poem or creative short story on plants or seeds. Some students wanted to reuse the photos from older editions of SeedBroadcast, which was pasted onto and the students plate holders, they would then write about anything they saw on the picture, a free expressive writing on the photo, but pertaining to the importance of the matters of seeds and foods.
The artistic process from each student was amazing to see, from how they think in developing an art piece, to moments of shock in foods they naturally eat and whether they were good or bad, and how they could do something better in helping the elders raise crops. There was a new development beginning to take form, and that was how they could carry on the traditions of growing better healthy foods. Even though they are young, they would often talk about being married, having kids and being grandparents, and to make it to that dream, depending on how good or bad the students involved the importance and aspects of the seeds, was only a time of matter. Overall, the importance of seeds, foods and traditions of keeping our identity alive gives our humanity a great awareness in how we should treat the environment firstly. When the four day school week was over, the students left behind that late Thursday afternoon, their artworks on the plate holders, and knowing nothing was in return but only that there was a message to be carried on, please give more care to our seeds.
The Indian Pink: James Nunez

I helped Andrea and Mr. Trujillo setup for the first supper on a Friday evening, and as I was placing the students artworks, the plate holders, onto the neatly decorated tables, I felt that each message could be the last. I wondered if anyone else in the world was doing the same thing. After many neat introductions it was time to eat. Everyone was speaking, listening, sharing stories, and laughing, I realised this is what keeps us alive, the practice of giving and showing respect to everything natural, pretty much who these people are. These are farmers, cooks, a principal, teacher and a curator slash artist who displayed what it means to receive, learn and express, Andrea really made me wonder at all the really important things in life, and it started with those small seeds. All that eating, drinking and giving thanks to a spirit of some higher power lingering in the air was indescribable to me, but overall beautiful. Before everyone left, there was the evident view of words said through beautiful expressions towards the students' works of art, along with the different foods, company, all those compliments and thankfulness for the event had made my heart beat with love and respect for everyone there that evening.
The Wild Columbine: Joaquin Candelaria
That next morning, I had never felt so human in a long time after being part of the First Supper, I was full of only goodness, with all those natural foods, stories and hopeful talks that our youth can make good things evolve from all the toxic things we older people are leaving behind. This made me think of how to hone in on our own growth as people, which is to learn through trials and errors, to experience, throw away, keep all that is good, and document. Move forward but with the power of knowledge in the seed, we could pass on how to nurture with love at least. Anyhow, Andrea left, she was heading back to New York, It was time for her to take on new things. She left me with many questions about how to teach and make our existence super important through seeds, and how this made our identity stronger through the expression of our cultural views. I did not want to stress my mind so much, so this was then followed by simply telling my students to eat all their vegetables first during lunchtime. They would at least have that energy to perform with great meaningfulness and care, a better definition of what being human on earth is all about. For some reason, my students came back excited and giddy that following school week, a Monday of course, and expecting to see Andrea Reynosa to return, but I had to remind them that she was heading back home, a small silence fell in the classroom and all the students gradually put their things away that morning, it was time to get back to my lesson plans.
The Bottle Gentian Andrewsi: Nickolas Chino

My name is Veneron Yazzen, I was born in Gallup New Mexico and I am of Navajo/Dine’ descent. I am currently teaching at a small Catholic parochial school In San Fidel, New Mexico. I received my Bachelors in Studio Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico, at the Institute of American Indian Arts in 2013. After graduation, I wanted to have a safety net for my trade, so I figured to continue studying for my main content area, and that is being an Art Teacher. I later got my Masters in Secondary Education at Grand Canyon University in Phoenix Arizona, I graduated in April of 2016.

Before all my studies, I lived in Albuquerque, New Mexico for fifteen years. I have always enjoyed Art as a young person. I used to remember how Albuquerque was full of murals all over town; The colors and shapes from graffiti, community leaders enriching the neighborhood, to even commercialists advertising goods, always made me feel at home. I feel that when you create something out of your own hands with hard work and dedication, it is way more beautiful than a computer mandating and cutting corners for the art. Although I am teaching multi-subjects for multi-level grades, sixth through eighth grade, Art is a special practice among myself and students of mine. Art is relaxing, rediscovering and redirecting our minds and hearts to something greater.

I have travelled and studied painting/drawing in Venice, Italy in the summer of 2013, through a study abroad program through Marist College, in Poughkeepsie, New Jersey. To be blessed with that experience is still a wonderment in how many people see Artists and the work they produced.
I always remind myself today as a teacher, whenever I have that opportunity to write recommendations, give advice or even simply being heartfelt towards students, I would tell them to go travel and see the world. Overall, I would only like my students to be hard workers in what they do, and not to lie and believe things are brought to them. I'm happy that we are part of this edition of SeedBroadcast. We understand that everyone at SeedBroadcast is part of an ongoing project that consists of mainly hard working, caring and genuine people.

Damien Baca

Daisies, belonging to one of the largest families of plants in the world. 
But also beautiful like a magnificent girl. 
The grass is full of daisies, so beautiful and bright, hearts that shine like gold, the flowers unfold. 
Rays of shining whiteness are beautiful and bright.

The Wild Columbine
Joaquin Candelaria

The Wild Columbine’s scientific name is Aquilegia Canadensis. The Wild Columbine grows one to three feet tall and twelve to eighteen inches wide. The Wild Columbine occurs in most areas of Illinois, but is uncommon in south-central Illinois. Bumblebees and the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird come to these flowers for nectar. Bumblebees also collect pollen for larvae babies.

The Bottle Gentian Andrewsi
Nickolas Chino

The flowers are waking, the water is rushing, and the sun is rising.
The birds are chirping.
The time is morning and the clouds are forming.
The Bottle Gentian is stretching it’s leaves and getting ready to shine for the day.
The Bottle Gentiana is ready to bloom.
The Bottle Gentian is three feet tall.
The Bottle Gentian grows in the northeastern part of the US.
The Bottle Gentian is a herbaceous species.
There are more than 400 different species in the Gentian family.        

The Wild Columbine : An informative short summary
Carmella Chosa

I chose to do the Canadian or Canada Columbine. It is usually called the Eastern Red Columbine or Wild Columbine. This is a species of flowering plant in the Buttercup family.  It is a herbaceous Perennial natural to woodland and rocky slopes in eastern North American. They are very prized for its reddish yellow flowers. The Wild Columbine is used for gallbladder disorders, general stomach and intestinal problems. They usually use the stem and leaves for the medicine. I believe they dry and crush it into a powdery substance.

The Indian Pink
James Nunez

Once there was a man, he had planted this seed he had bought a while back from a herbalist. Over time he watched it grow, and he always thought of what the herbalist said to the man. The Indian Pink can heal people who are sick. Like fevers, and cleansing your body of bad things hanging around making you stay sick. So one day the man and his wife started getting sick, and the medicine that they bought, which was so expensive, wasn't helping at all. He threw it all out, and thought of trying to figure out how he could heal her, and that's when he remembered the herbalist’s words and how his wife was always getting sick easily.  So he picked the Indian Pink flower he purchased, and made it into a tea. A couple days later she was all better. What a Miracle!

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Rio Grande Grain: Christine Salem

Rio Grande Grain is the fourth blog in a series of articles from the 14th edition of the SeedBroadcast agri-culture Journal.  Due to the rapidly changing and challenging times of COVID19 we have postponed the printing of this issue until later in the year but hope that you can access this poignant and timely edition on line and past issues here. 

Thank you so much Christine and the Rio Grande Grain Team for your contribution.

Rio Grande Grain
Christine Salem

Northern New Mexico was once the breadbasket of New Mexico with over 300 small mills in operation around the state. In 1892 New Mexico brought 230 varieties of wheat to the Chicago World’s Fair. 

Today most of our flours and grain products are derived from highly hybridized dwarf modern wheat, which is bred primarily for high yield at the expense of nutrition, flavor and biodiversity.
It is grown primarily in the midwestern US and Saskatchewan and sold on the commodity markets. Modern wheat is highly dependent on chemical inputs and increasingly degrades human and soil health as well as farmers’ incomes. 

A small group of farmers, gardeners, and bread bakers have organized under the name Rio Grande Grain and hope to bring our grains back to their roots. Since spring 2018, we have trialed small quantities of over 60 varieties heritage and ancient wheat, rye, and barley, in small plots near Alcalde. We have collected qualitative and quantitative data on each variety over four growing seasons and discovered a few that are strong performers in our unique high desert region. In fall 2019 we were able to move from trial quantities to seed-increase quantities of our top performing varieties—Kamut, Sonoran White, Einkorn, Emmer, Turkey Red, Red Fife, Spelt, and Marquis wheat; Rebel and Swiss Mountain rye; and Tibetan Purple barley. In another year we’ll have hundreds of pounds of seed that we can provide to small farmers who are ready to try a crop that supports regenerative agriculture principles and fetches a far higher price than commodity grain.

Winter trials just before the harvest in June, 2019.
Photo Credit: Alessandra Haines

Fortunately, the environmental movement and the locavore movement is beginning to reverse the decline of market farming and paving the way for locally-grown, heritage grains to return to our fields and our foods.

There are a number of steps involved, from creating a market (consumer and commercial) for the grains to producing enough product to serve that market; identifying the millers, malters, and brewers who can store, process, distribute these grains. We call it the grain chain because there are a lot of moving parts that are beginning gradually to fall into place.

Farm equipment is another issue. As we move beyond trial quantities of grain, hand harvesting, threshing, and cleaning is no longer an option. There used to be small combines (machines that both harvest and thresh the grain) that were suited to small fields. But those are no longer being manufactured in the US. We have a few small-scale combines in the state that have been imported from China. We are looking at equipment sharing to lessen the startup hurdle to a farmer wanting to experiment with growing grains. Technical support is another area we hope to offer to new growers.

Ironically, as many of us are eliminating gluten from our diets, biochemists are discovering that it’s the short-rise white flours of modern wheat, modern processing, and commercial baking that likely are the unhealthy culprits. Long-rise sourdough breads made from whole grains can actually be tolerated by many with wheat sensitivities and are thought to support healthy gut microbes. Home bakers are enthusiastic about counter-top stone mills that preserve the whole grain – bran, germ, and all—to bake up breads using long-rise sour-dough leavens that mitigate the gluten and are actually good tasting and good for our guts.

Rio Grande Grain team from left: Deborah Madison, Ron Boyd,
Alessandra Haines, Jody Pugh, Diane Pratt, Steve Haines, Hal Bogart.
Photo Credit: Debora Clare

We are returning to our roots and learning together how to grow locally-adapted, climate-resilient, soil-supporting grain crops for our future in northern New Mexico. 
If you’d like to know more, contact and Instagram.com/riograndegrain.

Christine is a lifelong gardener, and since 2018, a sour-dough baker and grain grower.